Dating sites in latvija
Dating sites in latvija - Chatfreemature
Another hypothesis is that the four arms of the cross represent four aspects of nature - the sun, wind, water, soil.Some have said the four arms of cross are four seasons, where the division for 90-degree sections correspond to the solstices and equinoxes.
According to Monier-Williams, a majority of scholars consider it a solar symbol, and in the ancient Indian texts the base swasti is equivalent to "may it be well with thee! Such a swastika proportioned on a 5 × 5 square grid and with the broken portions of its legs shortened by one unit can tile the plane by translation alone.In England, neolithic or Bronze Age stone carvings of the symbol have been found on Ilkley Moor.Mirror-image swastikas (clockwise and anti-clockwise) have been found on ceramic pottery in the Devetashka cave, Bulgaria, dated to 6,000 BCE.According to Mukti Jain, the symbol is part of "an intricate meander pattern of joined up swastikas" found on a late paleolithic figurine of a bird, carved from mammoth ivory, found in Mezine, Ukraine and dated to 15,000 years old.These engraved objects were found near phallic objects, which states Jain may support the idea that the meandering pattern of swastika was a fertility symbol.The Nazi Hakenkreuz used a 5 × 5 diagonal grid, but with the legs unshortened.
The swastika is a repeating design, said to have been created by the edges of the reeds in a square basket-weave.
Investigators have also found seals with "mature and geometrically ordered" swatiskas which date from prior to the Indus Valley Civilization (3300–1300 BCE).
Their efforts have traced references to swastikas in the Vedas at about that time period.
To Jews and the enemies of Nazi Germany, it became a symbol of antisemitism and terror.), which is transliterated svastika under the commonly used IAST transliteration system, but is pronounced closer to "swastika" when letters are used with their English values. Although all swastikas are bent crosses based on a chiral symmetry, they appear with different geometric details: as compact crosses with short legs, as crosses with large arms and as motifs in a pattern of unbroken lines.
The first attested use of the word swastika in a European text is found in 1871 with the publications of Heinrich Schliemann, who while crudely digging the Hisarlik mound near the Aegean Sea coast, for the lost history of Troy (Trojan war), discovered over 1,800 ancient samples of the swastika symbol and its variants. One distinct representation of a swastika, as a double swastika or swastika made of squares, appears in a Nepalese silver mohar coin of 1685, kingdom of Patan (NS 805) KM# 337 The left-facing version is distinguished in some traditions and languages as a distinct symbol from the right-facing "swastika", and is more correctly called the "sauwastika".
but in the 1930s, it became the main feature of Nazi symbolism as an emblem of Aryan race identity, and as a result, it has become stigmatized in the West by association with ideas of racism, hatred, and mass murder.