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But for the very clear picture of this conclusion first of all we have to know that what is the federal constitution and what is unitary constitution.
In spite of the fact that the Indian Constitution establishes a federal structure, it is indeed very difficult to put the Indian Constitution in the category of a true federation.
A unitary system is governed constitutionally as one single unit, with one constitutionally created legislature. A unitary state is a sovereign state governed as one single unit in which the central government is supreme and any administrative divisions (sub national units) exercise only powers that the central government chooses to delegate.
This is one of the federal features of the Indian constitution.
The supremacy of the constitution means that both, the Union and the State Governments, shall operate within the limits set by the Constitution.
And both the union government and the central government derive their powers from the constitution.: The constitution of India is a rigid constitution and this is one of the basic features of federal constitution.
The federal polity, in other words, provides a constitutional device for bringing unity in diversity and for the achievement of common national goals. A federal government exists when the powers of the government for a community are divided substantially according to a principle that there is a single independent authority for the whole area in respect of some matters and there are independent regional authorities for other matters, each set of authorities being co-ordinate to and subordinate to the others within its own sphere.
The Constitution of India has adopted federal features; though it does not, in fact, claim that it establishes a federation.However, this is not applicable in case of Indian States.They have unequal representation in the Rajya Sabha.The question whether the Indian Constitution could be called a federal constitution troubled the minds of the members of the Constituent Assembly.This question cannot be answered without going into the meaning of federalism and the essential features that are evident in federal state.In other words, Governor is the agent of the Centre in the States.